$1 Billion World Bank Loan to Egypt

IAS Prelims 2023

The World Bank transferred $1 billion to Egypt to boost the country’s economic reform programme.

This comes after Egypt reached a preliminary agreement with the International Monetary Fund (IMF) in August, to get a $12 billion loan to reduce its budget deficit and carry out a three-year tough economic reform program that will include subsidy cuts and extra tax.

This is the first batch of a $3 billion deal allocated for funding a government economic developmental plan.

The fund will support the government efforts to mobilise financial resources for implementing its economic programme and the national projects that will help provide job opportunities, improve the citizens’ living standards and strengthen the state infrastructure.

The Egyptian economy has been battling recession for the past five years due to political turmoil that led to the ouster of two presidents. This shrank the foreign currency reserves at the central bank from $36 billion in early 2011 to $15.5 billion at end of July 2016.

The country’s main sources of foreign currency, tourism, the Suez Canal and the remittances of Egyptian expatriates, has declined over the past few years.