Biodiversity Conference Adopts Cancun Declaration

IAS Prelims 2023

More than 190 countries at a major United Nations conference in Mexico have pledged to step up efforts to integrate biodiversity into the policies of their forests, fisheries, tourism and agriculture sectors.

On 3 December, countries adopted the Cancun Declaration, named after the Mexican city where the 13th meeting of the Conference of the Parties to Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), known as ‘COP13,’ was held.

The Declaration represents an unprecedented recognition from the international community that biodiversity protection must involve different governmental and economic sectors and not just environment ministries.

During the two-day High-Level Segment of the meeting known COP13, countries participated in roundtables discussing how the fisheries, tourism, forestry and agricultural sectors can take biodiversity into account and how they can contribute to its protection and conservation.

In addition to the Cancun Declaration, various countries announced their own commitments to accelerate action to meet the Targets’ deadline in less than four years. These commitments included:

1. Presented by Guatemala, a commitment by the Like Minded Mega-Diverse Countries, which harbour over one third of all terrestrial biodiversity, to carry out over 200 actions to increase protected areas.
2. France and other participants in the International Coral Reef Initiative agreed to protect coral reefs and their ecosystems through the reduction of pollution from plastic microbeads and sunscreen and financing for projects and initiatives which help protect and restore coral reefs, mangroves and seagrasses.
3. The Netherlands and 11 other European Union countries announced the creation of a “coalition of the willing” to protect pollinators which are curcial for food security.
4. Brazil pledged to bring under control at least three invasive alien species and to design an early warning system by 2020. It also committed that ensure that 100 per cent of threatened species will be under conservation tools by 2020, and 10 per cent of them shall have their conservation status improved by the same date.
5. Germany announced that it would increase its funding for climate change mitigation and adaptation projects through its International Climate Initiative to 500 million Euros per year.
6. Japan pledged $16 million to continue its support to capacity-building activities in developing countries.
7. New Zealand committed to bring together a broad coalition of actors from all levels to develop new initiatives, methodologies and techniques to increase the effectiveness control of invasive alien species.
8. South Africa said it will develop and implement species management plans for high value plant species through its BioPANZA programme and will set milestones for the cultivation of indigenous biological resources and community participation in product development.
9. Peru, Mexico, Ecuador and Guatemala, together with the Food and Agricultural Organziation (FAO), the Darwin Initiative, announced a coalition to encourage countries to preserve genetic diversity and safeguard both native varieties of crops and their wild relatives.

During the COP13 High-level Segment, there was also a Business Forum, during which 113 companies made a collective commitment to take biodiversity considerations into account in their decision-making and invest in biodiversity protection, among other measures.

Read About Cancun Declaration here.