Census 2011 Data on Literacy and Workers

The Registrar General & Census Commissioner of India released data Census 2011 data on Highest Educational Level Attained among population attending educational institution by age and sex.

Out of the literate population who are presently attending any educational institution in the country, below Primary occupies the major share of 32.6% followed by Primary (25.2%), Middle (15.7%), Matric (11.1%), Higher Secondary (8.6%) and Graduate & above (4.5%).

During the decade 2001-11, improvement is observed at Middle and above educational levels and decline in percentage share at lower levels (below-Primary and Primary). The improvements at higher educational levels are indication of educational advancement in the country during the decade 2001-11.

The Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India also released data containing cross-classified data on workers and educational levels.

Data on workers by five categories of literates namely Literate but below matric/secondary, Matric/secondary but below graduate, Technical diploma or certificate not equal to degree, Graduate and above other than technical degree and Technical degree or diploma equal to degree or post-graduate degree have been presented.

The data reveals that during the decade 2001-2011, there is an overall improvement in literacy status and educational levels of various types of workers and non-workers among total and SC/ST population.

Census 2011 has further exhibited that out of about 55.5 million Marginal workers seeking/available for work in India, the majority of 21.9 million (39.4%) are illiterates followed by 20.9 million (37.6%) literates but below matric/secondary and 8.0 million (14.5%) Matric/secondary but below graduate.

The decade 2001-11 has exhibited 59.2 million increase in literate main workers out of which maximum increase of 20.5 million is reported under the category Matric /secondary but below graduate followed by 16.2 million as below matric/secondary and 11.0 million as Graduate and above other than technical degree.

However, among 60.7 million non-workers seeking/available for work in India, the major share is constituted by literates but below matric/secondary (33.6%) followed by Matric/secondary but below graduate (31.1%) and illiterate (17.2%).

The cross-classified data gives the distribution of main workers by educational level and age-groups and shows that out of 362.6 million main workers in India during 2011, the majority of 130.2 million (35.9%) are literates but below matric/secondary followed by 104.3 million (28.8%) illiterates and 71.5 million (19.7%) Matric/ secondary but below graduate.