With the exercise of Credit Rating of cities and towns gaining momentum, 94 of the 500 cities included in Smart City Mission and Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation (AMRUT) have obtained such ratings which are necessary for issuing Municipal Bonds for mobilization of resources.
The 94 cities that have so far been assigned Credit Ratings are spread across 14 States. Ministry of Urban Development is promoting Credit Rating of cities as one of the five Transformational Reforms under which about 500 cities and towns that account for about 65% of total urban population were to be given Credit Ratings during this year.
Of the total 20 ratings ranging from AAA to D, BBB– is the ‘Investment Grade’ ratings and cities rated below BBB– need to undertake necessary interventions to improve their ratings for obtaining positive response to the Municipal Bonds to be issued.
Credit Ratings are assigned based on assets and liabilities of Urban Local Bodies, revenue streams, resources available for capital investments, Double Entry Accounting practice and other governance practices.
Besides the Credit Rating of Urban Local Bodies, ratings for individual projects for which resources are to bemobilised through Municipal Bonds would have a bearing on the response to such bonds.
Details of cities and towns and respective Credit Ratings are as below:
|New Delhi Municipal Council (NDMC), Navi Mumbai and Pune|
|AA (3)||Ahmedabad, Visakhapatnam and Greater Hyderabad Municipal Corporation|
|AA– (4)||Surat, Nashik, Thane and Pimpri-Chindwad|
|A+ (5)||Indore, Kishanganj(Rajasthan), Kolkata, Vadodara(Gujarat) and Warangal(Telangana)|
|A (1)||Jhunjhunu (Rajasthan)|
|A–(8)||Alwar, Bhiwadi, Beawar, Jaipur(Raj), Bhopal,Jabalpur(MP), Mira Bhayandar(Maha) and New Town Rajarhat(W.Bengal)|
|BBB+ (5)||Ajmer , Kota and Udaipur(Rajasthan), Ludhiana(Punjab) and Jamnagar(Guj)|
|BBB (14)||Kakinada, Anantapur, Kurnool and Tirupati (Andhra Pradesh), Davanagere and Hubbali-Dharwar(Karnataka), Kochi and Trivendrum (Kerala), Panaji (Goa), Kolhapur and Nagpur(Maharashtra), Jodhpur, Nagaur and Tonk(Rajasthan)|
|BBB– (12)||Amaravati (Maharashtra), Belgavi (Karnataka), Bharuch and Bhavnagar (Gujarat), Bharatpur, Bhilwara, Bikaner and Hanumangarh(Rajasthan), Chittor and Cuddapah (Andhra Pradesh), Cuttack (Odisha), Ranchi (Jharkhand).|
|BB+ (14)||Proddatur, Nandyal and Nellore (Andhra Pradesh), Kollam and Kozhikode (Kerala), Kalol, Nadiad and Navsarai (Gujarat), Nanded and Solapur (Maharashtra), Gangapur City, Dhaulpur, Pali and Sawai Madhopur (Rajasthan)|
|BB (14)||Adoni and Tadipatri (Andhra Pradesh), Dwaraka (Gujarat), Aizawal (Mizoram), Thrisur (Kerala), Berhampur, Rourkela and Sambhalpur (Odisha), Bundi, Churu, Chittorgarh, Hindaun, Jodhpur and Sujangarh (Rajasthan)|
|BB– (7)||Adityapur, Chas, Deogarh and Giridh (Jharkhand), Mori (Gujarat), Baran and Jhalawar (Raj)|
|B+ (3)||Baripada and Puri (Odisha) and Hazaribagh (Jharkhand)|
|B (1)||Bhadrak (Odisha)|
During the review of progress of Credit Rating exercise taken by Minister of Urban Development, it was revealed that 55 of these cities have got ‘Investment Grade’ ratings. 59% of cities assessed getting Investment Grade rating was better than what was thought of about the financial situation of Urban Local Bodies in the country.
As per the reforms timelines suggested by the Ministry of Urban Development, 39 cities that have got Credit Ratings below the investment grade (BBB–) have to undertake necessary interventions for improving the ratings in one year.