India Consensus Project

IAS Prelims 2023

NITI Aayog has been engaging with State Governments to evolve a shared vision of national development and strategies from time to time to share the best practices. In this context, India Consensus – a partnership between Tata Trusts and Copenhagen Consensus which has undertaken more than 160 cost-benefit analyses across all main policy areas in Andhra Pradesh and Rajasthan presented their findings on 14th June 2018 in NITI Aayog.

The presentation on evidence-based policy prioritisation model was chaired by Dr Rajiv Kumar, Vice-Chairman, NITI Aayog.

The focus of the presentation was on how this approach and method could be replicated across other States.

There was extensive discussion on the cost benefit analysis of seven specific research themes- Conditional Cash Transfer for ANC visits, doubling teacher-pupil ratio at school, using technology enabled computer assisted learning at the right level, promoting secondary prevention of cardiovascular diseases, improving private sector TB care, propagating E- mandis to reduce middle-men superprofits and improving land records digitisation.

The meeting demonstrated alternative ways to prioritizing policies using data on social and economic benefit and cost. The suggestions included how to use the evidence based tool in prioritizing policies and cost benefit studies.

The India Consensus project started a year ago with two pilot states with identifying more than 1200 interventions in Rajasthan and almost 1000 interventions in Andhra Pradesh.

Almost 160 cost benefit studies were conducted in both states covering all major sectors. The cost benefit studies were done for both States.