India Mauritius Sign MoU in Cooperatives

IAS Prelims 2023

The Union Minister of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare, Radha Mohan Singh and Minister of Business, Enterprise and Cooperatives, Govt. of Mauritius, Soomilduth Bholah signed on MoU for Cooperation in the field of Cooperatives & related areas.

The MoU will enable the two countries to collaborate in this vital sector and can significantly benefit thousands of Mauritians.

India offered to exchange its expertise and technology with Mauritius in agro industry, fisheries and dairy sector.

The two ministers expressed satisfaction at the historic, time-tested relationship between India and Mauritius which is anchored in linkages of culture and ancestry has grown from strength to strength over the years, adding that frequent high level visits have added significant momentum to the bilateral relationship between the two countries.

The relationship between Mauritius and India date back to the early 1730s, when artisans were brought from Pondicherry and Tamil Nadu. Diplomatic relations between India and Mauritius were established in 1948.

Mauritius maintained contacts with India through successive Dutch, French and British occupation. From the 1820s, Indian workers started coming into Mauritius to work on sugar plantations. From 1834 when slavery was abolished by the British Parliament, large numbers of Indian workers began to be brought into Mauritius as indentured labourers.

On 2 November 1834 the ship named ‘Atlas’ docked in Mauritius carrying the first batch of Indian indentured labourers. This day is now observed in Mauritius as ‘Aapravasi Day’.

In all, about half a million Indian indentured labourers are estimated to have been brought into Mauritius between 1834 and the early decades of the 20th century, out of whom about two-thirds settled permanently in Mauritius.

In Mauritius they were embarked at the Aapravasi Ghat in Port Louis, the site effectively acted as Mauritius’ security guarantor, and occupies a role in Mauritian security which a US report has assessed as Mauritius’ “willing subordination to India.”

A key turning point in the relationship came in 1983, when India came to the point of military intervention in Mauritius in Operation Lal Dora to ensure that it stayed in India’s strategic orbit. In 2015, Indian Prime Minister signed an agreement to set up eight Indian-controlled coastal surveillance radar stations.