National Commission for Socially and Educationally Backward Classes

IAS Prelims 2023

Union cabinet of India has approved setting up of National Commission for Socially and Educationally Backward Classes replacing the National Commission for Backward Classes.

There have been demands in Parliament for grant of constitutional status to the National Commission for Socially and Educationally Backward Classes to enable it to hear the grievances in the same manner as that of Scheduled caste and Scheduled Tribes.

In a cabinet meeting chaired by Prime Minister Narendra Modi, approval was given to amending the Constitution and inserting Article 338B for setting up the new commission.

A constitutional amendment requires two-thirds approval of both houses of Parliament and subsequent ratification by 50% of the state assemblies.

The bill to be introduced in Parliament proposes:

Insertion of provision to provide for Parliament’s approval for every inclusion into and exclusion from the Central List of Other Backward Classes

Insertion of a new Clause to define Socially and Educationally Backward Classes

Repeal of National Commission for Backward Classes Act, 1993 and Rules framed there under

Dissolution of the Commission constituted under the Act of 1993

Composition of the new Commission with a Chairperson, Vice Chairperson and three other members

Set up in 1993, the NCBC was entrusted with examining requests for inclusion of any class of citizens as a backward class in the lists and hear complaints of over-inclusion or under-inclusion of any backward class in such lists and advice central government on the matter.

Proposals of National Commission for SEBC

Parliament’s approval for every inclusion into & exclusion from Central List of OBC

Insertion of new Clause to define Socially & Educationally Backward Classes

Repeal of National Commission for Backward Classes Act, 1993 & Rules framed there under

Dissolution of Commission constituted under the Act of 1993

Composition of new Commission with Chairperson, Vice Chairperson & 3 other Members