IAS Prelims 2023


  • India reports 1.32 Lakh Daily New Cases in last 24 hours, maintaining continued trend in decreasing Daily New Cases
  • 2,07,071 patients recovered during last 24 hours
  • More daily Recoveries than Daily New Cases for 22 consecutive days
  • On a sustained upward slope, National Recovery Rate further increases to 93.08%
  • Weekly Positivity Rate currently at 7.27%
  • Daily positivity rate at 6.38%, less than 10% for 11 consecutive days
  • 22.41 crore Vaccine Doses administered so far under Nationwide Vaccination Drive











  • On a continued downward slope, India’s Active Caseload further declines to 16,35,993; less than 2 Lakh since 8 successive days
  • Active Cases decrease by 77,420 in last 24 hours
  • India reports 1.32 Lakh Daily New Cases in last 24 hours, maintaining continued trend in decreasing Daily New Cases
  • More than 2.65 crore persons have recovered from COVID across the country so far
  • 2,07,071 patients recovered during last 24 hours
  • More daily Recoveries than Daily New Cases for 22 consecutive days
  • On a sustained upward slope, National Recovery Rate further increases to 93.08%
  • Weekly Positivity Rate currently at 7.27%
  • Daily positivity rate at 6.38%, less than 10% for 11 consecutive days
  • COVID Testing capacity substantially ramped up–35.7cr tests total conducted
  • 22.41 crore Vaccine Doses administered so far under Nationwide Vaccination Drive


PM chairs meeting of CSIR Society

We have to prepare for the needs of this decade as well as the needs of the coming decades: PM

Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi chaired a meeting of the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) Society today through video conference.

Speaking on the occasion, the Prime Minister remarked that the Corona pandemic has emerged as the biggest challenge of this century. But whenever there was a big humanitarian crisis in the past, science has prepared the way for a better future. He added that the basic nature of science is to create new strength by finding solutions and possibilities during crises.

The Prime Minister lauded the scientists for the scale and speed at which the vaccines were made within a year, to save humanity from the pandemic. He said this is the first time such a big thing has happened in history. He added that in the previous century, inventions were made in other countries and India had to wait for many years. But today the scientists in our country are working at the same speed and at par with other countries. He appreciated the scientists for making India self-reliant on COVID-19 vaccines, testing kits, necessary equipment and new effective medicines in the fight against Corona. He said that bringing science and technology at par with developed countries is better for the industry and the market.

For details: https://www.pib.gov.in/PressReleasePage.aspx?PRID=1724359


Government caps Trade Margin on Oxygen Concentrators

In view of the extraordinary circumstances arising due to the COVID pandemic that has resulted in recent volatility in Maximum Retail Prices (MRP) of Oxygen Concentrators, the Government has decided to step-in to regulate the price of Oxygen Concentrators. As per information collected by the government, margin at the level of distributor currently ranges up to 198%.

By invoking extraordinary powers under Para 19 of the DPCO, 2013 in larger public interest NPPA has capped the Trade Margin up to 70% on Price to Distributor (PTD) level on Oxygen Concentrators. Earlier, in February 2019 NPPA had successfully capped the Trade Margin on Anti-cancer Drugs. Based on the notified Trade Margin, NPPA has instructed the manufacturers / importers to report revised MRP within three days. Revised MRPs will be informed in public domain within a week by NPPA.

 For details: https://www.pib.gov.in/PressReleasePage.aspx?PRID=1724330


COVID-19 Vaccination UPDATE

Government of India has so far provided, both through the free of cost category and through direct state procurement category, more than 24 crore vaccine doses (24,21,29,250) to States/UTs.

Of this, the total consumption, including wastages is 22,27,33,963 doses (as per data available at 8 AM today).

More than 1.93 crore COVID Vaccine doses (1,93,95,287) are still available with the States/UTs to be administered.

 For details: https://www.pib.gov.in/PressReleasePage.aspx?PRID=1724292


Indian visa or stay stipulation period of foreign nationals stranded in India due to COVID-19 pandemic to be considered as deemed to be valid till 31.08.2021

Due to non-availability of normal commercial flight operations on account of the COVID-19 pandemic since March 2020, a number of foreign nationals who came to India prior to March 2020 on valid Indian visas had got stranded in India. Keeping in view the difficulties being faced by such foreign nationals in getting their visas extended in India due to the lockdown, the Union Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) had issued an order on 29.06.2020 conveying that the Indian Visa or stay stipulation period of such foreign nationals expiring post 30.06.2020 shall be deemed to be valid until 30 more days from the date of resumption of normal international flight operations, on gratis basis. The matter has now been reconsidered by the MHA in the light of non- resumption of normal commercial flight operations, and it has accordingly been decided that the Indian visa or stay stipulation period of such foreign nationals stranded in India will be considered as deemed to be valid till 31.08.2021 on gratis basis without levy of any overstay penalty.

 For details: https://www.pib.gov.in/PressReleasePage.aspx?PRID=1724392


Powergrid installs Oxygen Plant at District hospital, Jaisalmer

Power Grid Corporation of India Limited (POWERGRID), installed an Oxygen Plant at District Hospital, Jaisalmer, which was inaugurated by Chief Minister of Rajasthan Shri Ashok Gehlot. The plant has been built at an estimated cost of ₹1.11 crore under CSR initiative. The installed oxygen plant has an 850 Litre/Min capacity, which will augment public health infrastructure of the state.

For details: https://www.pib.gov.in/PressReleasePage.aspx?PRID=1724432


Oxygen Expresses cross 10000 MT of LMO delivery to the Southern States of country

Indian Railways is continuing its journey of bringing relief by delivering Liquid Medical Oxygen(LMO) to various states across the country. So far, Indian Railways has delivered more than 24840 MT of LMO in more than 1463 tankers to various states across the country.It may be noted that 359 Oxygen Expresses have completed their journey so far and brought relief to various States.Oxygen Expresses crossed 10000 MT of LMO delivery to the Southern States of country. For details: https://www.pib.gov.in/PressReleasePage.aspx?PRID=1724375



Kerala: Announcing aRs 20,000 crore package to tide over the crisis induced by the second wave of the Covid-19 pandemic, State Finance Minister K N Balagopal today presented the maiden budget of the second LDF government. He also set aside Rs 1,000 crore for free vaccination for everyone aged above 18 years. An additional 500 crores would be spent to ensure related equipment and facilities for free vaccination. A new oxygen plant with a capacity of 150 metric tons will be set up and a special block to deal with communicable diseases will be formed in Medical colleges. All hospitals will also be equipped with isolation wards. Meantime, the Kerala High Court has directed the state government to vaccinate at home, bedridden patients and senior citizens who are unable to travel outside. A division bench of the Court also asked the government to take a decision on the matter within 10 days. Meanwhile, Kerala recorded 18,853 new Covid cases on Thursday.  With 153 new fatalities, the death toll mounted to 9375.The test positivity rate was 15.22 %.  A total of 99,53,059 people has so far been vaccinated in the state. Out of this, 78,21,551 had first dose and   21,31,508   second dose.


Tamil Nadu: Chief Minister M.K. Stalin chaired a meeting with representatives of Bharat Biotech International Limited at the Secretariat on Thursday to discuss the establishment of the company’s vaccine manufacturing units in Tamil Nadu. CM Stalin wrote to Union Health Minister Harsh Vardhan seeking immediate allocation of at least 30,000 vials of liposomal Amphotericin B to Tamil Nadu to treat mucormycosis patients. He said 673 cases had been detected in the State. Hosur co. gets nod to make Amphotericin B: Hosur-based MylanPharma has been granted permission to produce Amphotericin B. The Greater Chennai Corporation is planning to conduct a serosurvey in the city in a fortnight. The serosurvey will be the first to be done in the second wave of the COVID­19 pandemic. The daily count of Covid-19 infections dropped below the 25,000 ­mark in TN on Thursday. A total of 24,405 people tested positive and 460 died of the infection, taking the tally of cases to 21,72,751 and toll to 25,665. Till date 96,19,198 have been vaccinated across TN, of which 75,44,779 received first dose and 20,74,419 received second dose.


Karnataka:As per the State Government bulletin released for 03-06-2021, New Cases Reported: 18,324; Total Active Cases: 2,86,798; New Covid Deaths: 514; Total Covid Deaths: 30,531. Around 1,82,306 were vaccinated yesterday with a total of 1,43,27,273 have been vaccinated in the state till now. Chief Minister BS Yeddyurappa on Friday announced the second package of Rs 500 crore for various classes who have been hit by the corona lockdown. Karnataka has the third highest number of tests in the country, with the total number exceeding 3.01 crore. Express train carrying 110.84 tonnes of liquid medical oxygen from Gujarat arrived at the city’s Whitefield ICD depot on Wednesday night. A total of 2,784.47 tonnes of Oxygen has been shipped to the state, Southwest Railways said.


Andhra Pradesh:State reported 11,421 new Covid-19 cases after testing 86,223 samples with 81 deaths, while 16,223 got discharged during the last 24 hours. A total of 1,03,37,846 doses of Covid vaccines have been administered in the state as on yesterday, which include 77,83,529 first doses and 25,54,317 second doses.  Chief Minister YS Jagan Mohan Reddy sought the support of Kerala CM PinarayiVijayan and Chief Ministers of other States for a collaborative effort to speak in one voice and urge the Centre to take the responsibility of Covid-19 vaccination drive across the country. Meanwhile, as part of Operation SamudraSetu II, INS Airavat of the Eastern Naval Command arrived at Visakhapatnam yesterday with Covid relief stores which includes 158 MT of Liquid Medical Oxygen in seven Cryogenic Oxygen Tanks, 2722 Oxygen Cylinders and 10 ventilators from Vietnam and Singapore which were facilitated by the Indian Missions. The consignment is being handed over to various government agencies and NGOs after disembarkation.


Telangana:As directed by the State High Court, the Health Department is taking steps to ensure that the private hospitals return the excess amount collected for treatment from Covid patients and committees are being formed to pursue the matter with the concerned private hospitals. Till now a total of 62.23 Lakh doses of Covid vaccines have been administered to various sections of the society and still 9 lakh doses of vaccine stock is available with the health department as on yesterday. Meanwhile, as many as 2,261 new Covid cases and 18 deaths were reported yesterday taking the cumulative number of Covid cases in the state to 5,85,489 and fatalities to 3,331. Number of Active cases in the state now stands at 32,579.


Assam:46 more Covid patients died in Assam on Thursday even as 4,309 new infections were detected during the day from 1,07,075 tests. The positivity rate was 4.02 percent. Assam Health Minister KeshabMahanta said that an additional 200 ICU beds are under construction at the parking area of the Guwahati Medical College and Hospital would be ready by mid June.Assam CM HimantaBiswaSarma said that by December this year all people in the state will be vaccinated against COVID-19.


Manipur:The number of daily COVID-19 positive cases in the state dipped from 729 on Wednesday to 621 on Thursday with death of 10 persons in last 24 hrs.
The State Government approved the Catholic Church’s proposal of setting up a dedicated COVID-19 ward at the Catholic Medical Center (CMC) Hospital at Koirengei in Imphal .
A total of 4,01,133 have been administered COVID-19 vaccine in Manipur.


Meghalaya:Meghalaya witnessed a dip in COVID-19 casualties on Thursday with nine deaths reported on the day, taking the death toll to 625. Recoveries continued to outnumber fresh infections bringing the total active caseload down to 6,352.As many as 552 new cases were recorded on Thursday whereas 594 patients recuperated from the disease.
Chief Minister Conrad K. Sangma said the state government will take a call on the lockdown after weighing the rates of positivity and hospitalisation as well as the recovery trend.


Sikkim:289 new Covid casesin Sikkim, four deaths : Out of 1717 tests done onThursday, Sikkim recorded 289 new Covid positive cases. There were four new Covid-related deaths. The total active tally now is 4,184and total death tally so far stand at 263 in the State.


Tripura:After spike in positive cases on wednesday, the overall positivity rate in the state has again come down to 4.77% with detection of 677 positive cases and death of 5 in last 24 hours. Total tests done in last 24 hours is 14,188.


Nagaland:Nagaland registered 168 new Covid cases and 5 deaths on Thursday. Active cases were 4711 while tally went up to 22,240.


Maharashtra: The Maharashtra State Disaster Management Department has prepared a 5-level unlock plan for the state on the basis of weekly positivity rate and status of occupancy of oxygen beds in the districts. The Chief Minister’s Office (CMO) has, however, clarified that the current set of curbs would continue and a final decision is yet to be taken on approving the unlock strategy. The state government said, corona infection is still not completely eradicated in the state and infection is still on the rise in some places in rural areas.Maharashtra Minister Vijay Wadettiwar has informed that the state government has decided to cancel the Class 12 state board examinations in view of the ongoing second wave of COVID-19 and a possible third wave. The state government’s decision to scrap final examinations comes after the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) cancelled their 12th board exams.


Gujarat: Gujarat government has announced the reopening of markets for longer hours from today. According to the official sources, all shops, shopping complexes, hair-cutting saloons, beauty parlors, marketing yards and other commercial establishments can now remain open from 9am to 6pm. The relaxations will be applicable in 36 cities and towns of the state including 8 big municipal corporations. However, the night curfew will remain in force till one more week from 9pm to 6am. According to the new relaxed guidelines, the restaurants can provide take-away service until 10pm now.Gujarat recorded 1,207 new COVID-19 cases in the last 24 hours, taking the tally of cases to 8,13,270. As many as 3,018 patients were discharged during the day. The tally of recoveries went up to 7,78,976. The state’s recovery rate stood at 95.78 per cent. Gujarat now has 24,404 active cases, 429 of them on ventilator.


Rajasthan: Forty-four COVID-19 related deaths and 1,258 fresh cases were reported in Rajasthan on Thursday, taking the total number of fatalities and positive cases to 8,559 and 9,43,494 respectively. A total of 9,07,527 COVID patients have recovered from the infection while the number of active cases at present is 27,408.


Madhya Pradesh:  With the addition of 846 fresh cases of coronavirus and 50 casualties, the tally of infections in Madhya Pradesh rose to 7,82,945, while the toll reached 8,207 on Thursday. At least 3,746 patients were discharged from hospitals in the last 24 hours, taking the count of recoveries 7,60,552. The number of active cases in the state stands at 14,186.
No new positive case has been reported in three districts of Alirajpur, Jhabua and Katni. Meanwhile, Chief Minister Shivraj Singh Chouhan, while reviewing the situation and arrangements of Corona in the state, has said that now no district of the state is in the Red Zone from the point of view of COVID infection. The state is rapidly coming out of the Corona infection. The weekly average positivity rate of all 52 districts is less than five per cent.
Chhattisgarh: In Chhattisgarh, the recovery rate from COVID infection has increased to almost 97 percent. The test positivity rate in the state has come down to about three percent.
Chhattisgarh’s COVID-19 caseload rose to 9,76,760 on Thursday with addition of 1,619 cases, while the death toll went up by 22 to reach 13,139. The number of recoveries reached 9,34,243 after 756 people were discharged from various hospitals while 3,098 others completed their home isolation during the day. The number of active cases in the state stands at 29,378.

Goa: Goa’s coronavirus caseload rose to 1,57,847, after 572 persons tested positive for the infection on Thursday. At least 1,695 patients were discharged from hospitals, while 17 died of the infection during the day. With this, the count of recoveries reached 1,45,437 and the toll stood at 2,710. There are currently 9,700 active cases in the state.


Punjab: The total number of patients tested Positive is 574114. Number of active cases is 28673. Total Deaths reported is 14840. Total COVID-19 Vaccinated with 1st dose (Healthcare + Frontline Workers) is 1060266. Total COVID-19 Vaccinated with 2nd dose (Healthcare + Frontline Workers) is 307979. Total above 45 Vaccinated with 1st dose is 2902938. Total above 45 Vaccinated with 2nd dose is 482417. Total 18-44 years age group Vaccinated with 1st dose is 477700.


Haryana: Total Number of Samples found positive till date is 760019. Total active COVID-19 patients is 12688. Number of deaths is 8532. Cumulative number of people vaccinated till date is 5898869.


Chandigarh: Total Lab confirmed COVID-19 cases is 60399. Total number of Active Cases is 1135. Total number of COVID-19 deaths till date is 762.


Himachal Pradesh: Total number of patients tested Covid positive till date is 193137. Total number of Active Cases is 11057. Total deaths reported till date is 3217.






    Source PIB