Potable Drinking Water under JJM

IAS Prelims 2023


To make provision of potable tap water supply in adequate quantity, of prescribed quality and on regular & long-term basis to every rural household by 2024, since August, 2019, Government of India in partnership with States, is implementing Jal Jeevan Mission (JJM) – Har Ghar Jal including quality-affected habitations.

Under JJM, States/UTs can utilize upto 2% of their annual allocation of funds under JJM  for Water Quality Monitoring & Surveillance (WQM&S) activities inter alia which includes setting up and strengthening of water quality testing laboratories, procurement of equipment, instruments, chemicals, glassware, consumables, hiring of skilled manpower, surveillance by community using field test kits (FTKs), awareness generation, educational programmes on water quality, accreditation/recognition of laboratories, etc.

Under Jal Jeevan Mission, as per existing guidelines, IS 10500 is to be adopted for ensuring safe drinking water supply and States/ UTs have been advised to carry out testing of drinking water sources once in year for chemical and physical parameters and twice in a year for bacteriological parameters.

To enable States/ UTs including Uttar Pradesh to test water samples for water quality in drinking water quality testing laboratories and using Field Test Kits (FTKs), and for sample collection, reporting, monitoring and surveillance of drinking water sources, an online JJM – Water Quality Management Information System (WQMIS) portal has been developed, which is available in public domain on JJM Dashboard and can also be accessed at:

https://neer.icmr.org.in/website/main.php

This portal also provides automated alerts to concerned authorities in States/ UTs, if the water sample tested is contaminated, to initiate remedial actions. On this portal an individual can also register his sample and choose nearby water quality testing laboratory to get the water sample tested. Thus, testing of water samples and reporting in rural areas, has been made accessible and easy.

States/ UTs including Uttar Pradesh have been advised to identify and train 5 persons preferably women in each village from local community viz. ASHA workers, health workers, VWSC members, teachers, etc. to conduct water quality tests using FTKs/ bacteriological vials at village level and report the same on the portal.

As reported by States, as on date, the State/ UT-wise details of women trained for water quality testing using FTKs is at Annex-I and State/ UT-wise details of water samples tested in labs and using FTK for 2021-22 is at Annex-II.

This Information was given by the Minister of State for Jal Shakti, Shri Prahlad Singh Patel in a written  reply in Rajya Sabha today.

****

BY/AS 

Annex–I

State/UT-wise details of women trained for water quality testing using FTKs

(As on 15.03.2022)

S. No.

Name of State/UT

No. of women trained

1.

Andaman & Nicobar Islands

1,045

2.

Andhra Pradesh

55,123

3.

Arunachal Pradesh

16,641

4.

Assam

36,839

5.

Bihar

377

6.

Chhattisgarh

92,939

7.

Dadra & Nagar Haveli And Daman & Diu

69

8.

Goa

NR

9.

Gujarat

41,863

10.

Haryana

32,791

11.

Himachal Pradesh

39,657

12.

Jammu & Kashmir

4,974

13.

Jharkhand

9,144

14.

Karnataka

63,484

15.

Kerala

1

16.

Ladakh

1,219

17.

Lakshadweep

NR

18.

Madhya Pradesh

53,884

19.

Maharashtra

1,94,829

20.

Manipur

12,837

21.

Meghalaya

23,164

22.

Mizoram

2,981

23.

Nagaland

6,441

24.

Odisha

27,637

25.

Puducherry

987

26.

Punjab

38,324

27.

Rajasthan

20,863

28.

Sikkim

2,019

29.

Tamil Nadu

62,663

30.

Telangana

7,659

31.

Tripura

5,517

32.

Uttar Pradesh

36,524

33.

Uttarakhand

40,997

34.

West Bengal

5,549

Total

9,39,041

NR: Not Reported Source: JJM-IMIS

 

Annex–II

State/UT-wise details of water samples tested in laboratories and using Field Testing Kits (FTKs) during 2021-22

(As on 15.03.2022)

S. No.

Name of State/ UT

Water samples tested in labs

Water samples tested using Field Test Kits (FTKs)

1.

Andaman & Nicobar Islands

773

724

2.

Andhra Pradesh

3,34,602

1,93,481

3.

Arunachal Pradesh

25,082

14,214

4.

Assam

1,84,959

2,32,712

5.

Bihar

1,74,475

NR

6.

Chhattisgarh

62,642

8,01,993

7.

Dadra & Nagar Haveli And Daman & Diu

NR

NR

8.

Goa

7,482

376

9.

Gujarat

2,45,829

39,370

10.

Haryana

99,073

1,39,669

11.

Himachal Pradesh

2,61,909

83,158

12.

Jammu & Kashmir

1,79,937

16,371

13.

Jharkhand

1,37,144

520

14.

Karnataka

1,45,797

1,22,264

15.

Kerala

2,29,757

3,45,533

16.

Ladakh

6,746

2,494

17.

Lakshadweep

3,646

NR

18.

Madhya Pradesh

3,35,596

1,33,188

19.

Maharashtra

73,694

13,428

20.

Manipur

5,077

5,523

21.

Meghalaya

6,736

3,821

22.

Mizoram

18,620

9,803

23.

Nagaland

4,535

19,335

24.

Odisha

2,20,659

1,45,916

25.

Puducherry

28

NR

26.

Punjab

12,033

50,367

27.

Rajasthan

1,06,946

4,230

28.

Sikkim

6,470

1,077

29.

Tamil Nadu

3,48,188

1,90,282

30.

Telangana

2,31,899

1,030

31.

Tripura

32,951

16,892

32.

Uttar Pradesh

1,00,872

23,315

33.

Uttarakhand

62,995

4,290

34.

West Bengal

2,48,744

1

Total

39,15,896

26,15,377

NR: Not Reported Source: JJM-IMIS

****



    Source PIB