Sources of Indian Constitution

IAS Prelims 2023

The features of the Indian constitution & their sources are as follows:

U.K. (England) Rule of Law

Parliamentary System

Bicameral Parliament

Lower House More Powerful

Powers of Speaker in Lok Sabha

Prime Minister

Council of Ministers

Council of Ministers responsible to Lower House

Single Citizenship

Legislative Procedure

Cabinet System

Prerogative Writs

Parliamentary Privileges

USA Written Constitution

Fundamental Rights

Supreme Court

Head of State (President)

Judicial Review

Independence of Judiciary

Impeachment of the President

Removal Of Supreme Court and High Court Judges

Post of Vice-President

Australia Concurrent List

Centre-State Relationship

Freedom of trade, commerce and intercourse

Joint sitting of the two Houses of Parliament

France Republic and Ideals of Liberty, Equality and Fraternity in the Preamble
Soviet Union


Fundamental Duties

The ideal of Justice (Social, Economic and Political) in the Preamble

5-Year Plan (Non-Constitutional Feature)

Germany Emergency Provisions

Suspension of Fundamental Rights during Emergency

Canada Federation with a Strong Centre

Vesting of residuary powers in the Centre

Appointment of state Governors by the Centre

Advisory jurisdiction of the Supreme Court

South Africa Procedure of Constitutional Amendment

Election of members of Rajya Sabha

Ireland Directive Principles of State Policy

Nomination of members to Rajya Sabha

Method of Election of President

Japan Procedure Established by Law