Greece Passes Asylum Law

IAS Prelims 2023

Greek lawmakers passed an asylum amendment bill needed for the implementation of a European Union agreement with Turkey for the return of refugees and migrants from Greek islands to Turkey starting from 15 August.

The deal aims to end the uncontrolled influx of refugees and other migrants after more than one million people crossed into Europe last year.

Both Greece and Turkey had to amend their legislation to permit the start of the scheme – denounced by the U.N. refugee agency and rights groups for lacking legal safeguards – to send back all migrants who reached Greece after March 20.

The bill was passed by 169 lawmakers in the 300-seat parliament.

The legislation does not explicitly designate Turkey as a “safe third country” – a formula to make any mass returns legally sound.

The European Commission sees this as not essential, provided rules are in place to allow people to be sent back to a “safe third country” or a “safe first country of asylum”, with each case examined individually.

EU officials have said the formula was devised to get around unease among lawmakers in Greece’s ruling Syriza party to declare Turkey safe when it is waging a military crackdown on Kurdish separatists and is accused of curbing media freedom and judicial independence.

The Greek government has said it will ensure human rights of asylum seekers are protected under international law.