India Builds Kaladan Project in Myanmar

The Kaladan Multi-Modal Transit Transport Project is a project that will connect the eastern Indian seaport of Kolkata with Sittwe seaport in Myanmar by sea; it will then link Sittwe seaport to Paletwa in Myanmar via Kaladan river boat route and then from Paletwa on to Mizoram by road transport.

Kaladan is the first major project taken up by India in Myanmar. ₹1,600-crore contract has been awarded for building 109-km road connecting Paletwa river terminal to Zorinpui in Mizoram border.

India completed the construction of Sittwe port, at the estuary of Kaladan river in Myanmar.

At the Indian side, extension of the Aizawl-Saiha National Highway by 90 km to the international border at Zorinpui, at the southern tip of Mizoram is almost over.

$484-million Kaladan multi-modal project will offer connectivity to Mizoram in India. Mooted in 2003, India entered a framework agreement with Myanmar for Kaladan project in 2008. Construction began in 2010.

The project has several sections/legs:

-539 km shipping route from seaport of Kolkata in India to Sittwe seaport in Myanmar via Bay of Bengal
-158 km river boat route from Sittwe seaport to Paletwa jetty via Kaladan river in Myanmar
-110 km road route from Paletwa jetty to Indo-Myanmar border in Myanmar
-100 km route from Indo-Myanmar border to Lawngtlai in Mizoram in India by road on National Highway 54 (India) (NH-54), which then continues further to Dabaka in Assam via -850 km long NH-54 which in turn is part of the larger East-West Corridor connecting North East India with the rest of India.

As per the framework agreement, India should also set up an SEZ at Sittwe which is located closer to the Chinese port and SEZ at Kyaukphyu.