Steps taken by the Government to promote Skill Development & Entrepreneurship across the country

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Under the Govt of India’s Skill India Mission (SIM), the Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship (MSDE) delivers skill, re-skill and up-skill training through an extensive network of skill development centres/colleges/institutes etc. under various schemes, viz. Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY), Jan Shikshan Sansthan (JSS), National Apprenticeship Promotion Scheme (NAPS) and Craftsman Training Scheme (CTS) through Industrial Training Institutes (ITIs), to all the sections of the society across the country. The SIM aims at enabling youth of India to get future ready & industry ready skills. In addition, the training is also provided through the National Institute for Entrepreneurship and Small Business Development (NIESBUD), the Indian Institute of Entrepreneurship (IIE), National Skill Training Institutes(NSTIs), and Training Centers registered on the Skill India Digital (SID) platform. The brief of these schemes are as under:

Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY): PMKVY Scheme is for imparting skill development training through Short-Term Training (STT) and Up-skilling and Re-skilling through Recognition of Prior Learning (RPL) to youth across the country including rural areas.

Jan Shikshan Sansthan (JSS) Scheme: The main target of the JSS is to impart vocational skills to the non-literates, neo-literates and the persons having rudimentary level of education and school dropouts upto 12th standard in the age group of 15-45 years, with due age relaxation in case of “Divyangjan” and other deserving cases. Priority is given to Women, SC, ST, OBC and Minorities in the rural areas and urban low-income areas.

National Apprenticeship Promotion Scheme (NAPS): This Scheme is for promoting apprenticeship training and increasing the engagement of apprentices by providing financial support to industrial establishments undertaking apprenticeship programme under the Apprentices Act, 1961. Training consists of Basic Training and On-the-Job Training / Practical Training at workplace in the industry. A total of 42453 establishments engaged the apprentices across the country.

Craftsmen Training Scheme (CTS): This scheme provides long-term training through Industrial Training Institutes (ITIs) across the country. The ITIs offer a range of vocational/skill training courses covering a large number of economic sectors with an objective to provide skilled workforce to the industry as well as self-employment of youth.

The details of the skilling network across the country as follows:-

Name of Scheme

Name of the Training Center

Total No.


Training centres including PMKK’s



JSS centers




49927 (*42453)




*out of 49927, 42453 unique establishments engaged apprentices

Apart from MSDE, more than 20 Central Ministries are implementing Skilling/ Upskilling training programmes through various schemes, such as Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Grameen Kaushalya Yojana (DDU-GKY), the Rural Self Employment Training Institutes (RSETI) under Ministry of Rural Development, Deen Dayal Antyodaya Yojana – National Urban Livelihood Mission (NULM) under Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs etc.

Details of trained candidates and financial outlay under MSDE’s schemes across the country is given as under:

Name of Scheme

Number of Trained Candidates


(Since inception to October, 2023)



(Since 2018-19 to October, 2023)



(Since 2018-19 to October, 2023)



(2018-19 to 2022-23)



Details of funds released under PMKVY and JSS Schemes of MSDE are as under:

Name of Scheme

Fund Released (Rs. In Crore)


(Since inception to October, 2023)



(Since 2018-19 to September, 2023



(Since 2018-19 to October, 2023)



Day to day administration as well as financial control in respect of ITIs lies with the respective State Government/Union Territory Administration.

This information was given by the Minister of State for Skill Development and Entrepreneurship, Shri Rajeev Chandrasekhar in a written reply in the Lok Sabha today.



Source PIB