Year End Review 2023: Achievement of the Department of Land Resources (Ministry of Rural Development)

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The Department of Land Resources is implementing the following two Schemes/Programmes:

  1. Digital India Land Records Modernization Programme (DILRMP) and
  2. Watershed Development Component of Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana (WDC- PMKSY)


  1. Digital India Land Records Modernization Programme (DILRMP)

Digital India Land Records Modernization Programme (erstwhile National Land Record Modernization Programme-) was revamped and converted as a Central Sector Scheme with effect from 1st April, 2016 with 100% funding by the Centre. The objective of DILRMP is to develop a modern, comprehensive and transparent land record management system with the aim to develop an Integrated Land Information Management System which will inter alia: (i) improve real-time information on land; (ii) optimize use of land resources; (iii) benefit both landowners & prospectors; (iv) assist in policy & planning; (v) reduce land disputes; (vi) check fraudulent/benami transactions (vii) obviate need of physical visits to Revenue/Registration offices (viii) enable sharing of information with various organisations/agencies.


Substantial progress has been achieved under the DILRMP Programme. In terms of basic components, Computerization of Land Records i.e. 95.08 per cent Record of Rights (RoR) have been completed (6,25,062 villages out of total 6,57,396 villages in the country), 68.02 percent Cadastral Maps have been digitized (2,49,57,221 maps out of total 3,66,92,728 maps), 94.95 per cent Computerization of Registration completed (5060 Sub-Registrar Offices out of total 5,329 SROs) and 87.48 per cent Integration of Sub Registrar offices(SROs) with Land Records have been completed (4,662 SROs out of total 5329 SROs).

Government has approved extension of DILRMP for a period of five years i.e 2021-22 to 2025-26. Two new components viz Consent –based integration of Aadhaar number with the land record database and Computerization of Revenue Courts and their integration with land records have also been now added as part of DILRMP in addition to components of the programme viz. (i) Setting up of Modern Record Room (Teshil) (ii) Survey/re-survey (iii) Data entry/re-entry (iv) Digitization of cadastral Maps/FMBs/Tippans (v) State Level Data Centre (vi) Computerization of Registration process (vii) DILRMP Cell (vii) PMU (xi) Evaluation Studies, IEC and Training (x) Core GIS/Software Applications.

Some innovative initiatives under DILRMP:

a) Unique Land Parcel Identification Number (ULPIN) or Bhu-Aadhar

Unique Land Parcel Identification Number (ULPIN) system is a 14 digit Alpha–numeric unique ID for each land parcel based on Geo-coordinates of vertices of the parcel which is of international standard and complies with Electronic Commerce Code Management Association (ECCMA) standard and Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC) standard, is being implemented across the country. ULPIN will have ownership details of the plot besides its size and longitudinal and latitudinal details. This would facilitate real estate transactions, help resolve property boundaries issues and improve disaster planning and response efforts, etc.


Bhu-Aadhar/ ULPIN has so far been adopted in 29 States/UTs viz. Andhra Pradesh, Jharkhand, Goa, Bihar, Odisha, Sikkim, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Rajasthan, Haryana, Tripura, Chhattisgarh, Jammu & Kashmir, Assam, Madhya Pradesh, Nagaland, Mizoram, Tamil Nadu, Punjab, Dadra and Nagar Haveli & Daman and Diu, Himachal Pradesh, West Bengal, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Kerala, Ladakh, Chandigarh Karnataka and Delhi. Further, Pilot testing of Bhu-Aadhar or ULPIN has been done in 4 more States / UTs-, Puducherry, Andaman & Nicobar, Manipur, Telangana, under process in the State of Arunachal Pradesh and yet to be rolled out in Meghalaya and Tripura.

b) National Generic Document Registration System (NGDRS) or E-Registration

In order to have a uniform process for registration for deeds/documents, One Nation One Registration Software namely National Generic Document Registration System (NGDRS)”is being implemented in States/UTs. The National Generic Document Registration System (NGDRS) or e-Registration is a common, generic and configurable application developed for Registration Departments across the country. The application is specifically designed for the use of sub registrars, citizens and apex users from registration departments. NGDRS or e-Registration facilitates States to create state specific instance and configure the software as per requirements. It empowers citizens through online entry of deed, online payment, online appointment, online admission, document search and certified copy generation.” The innovative initiative of NGDRS or e-Registration has been the recipient of Prime Minister Award for Excellence in Public Administration for 2021 for the Central category of Innovation. Data relating to NGDRS or e-Registration is available on NGDRS portal- on real time basis.


NGDRS or e-Registration has so far been adopted in 18 States /UTs namely Andaman & Nicobar Island, Goa, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Jharkhand, Ladakh, Punjab, Tripura, Maharashtra, Mizoram, DNH & DD, Manipur, Assam, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Meghalaya and Uttarakhand. A total number of 12 States viz Andhra Pradesh, Haryana, Chandigarh, NCT Delhi, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Odisha, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, Puducherry, Telangana and West Bengal have started sharing registration related data with national portal of NGDRS- through API /User Interface (UI). It is under process in Arunachal Pradesh and yet to be adopted in Rajasthan, Karnataka, Lakshadweep, Nagaland and Kerala.

c) Linkage of e-Court with Land Records / Registration Data base

The objective of Linkage of e-Court with Land Record and Registration data base is to make authentic first hand information available to the Courts resulting in speedy disposal of cases and ultimately, reduction in land disputes. The benefits inter alia include: (i) first-hand information for courts on substantive and authentic evidence of Record of Rights, Cadastral map including Geo referenced and legacy data, (ii) the information would be useful for deciding admission as well as disposal of the disputes, (iii) reduce quantum of land disputes in the country and could lead to ease of doing business and promote ease of living.

Pilot test for linking of e-Court with land record and registration data base has been undertaken successfully in three states namely, Haryana, Maharashtra and Uttar Pradesh in association with Department of Justice through a Committee constituted in the Department of Justice.


26 States/UTs have received necessary clearances from the concerned High Courts for integration of e-Courts Application Software with the land records application software and registration database. These States include: Tripura, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Mizoram, Nagaland, Himachal Pradesh, Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Manipur, West Bengal, Andaman & Nicobar Islands, Telangana, Jharkhand, Delhi, Sikkim, Meghalaya, Punjab, Haryana, Chandigarh, Karnataka, Chhattisgarh, Tamil Nadu, Puducherry and Andhra Pradesh.

d) Transliteration of Land Records in all languages of Schedule VIII in all States/UTs

Currently, the Records of Rights in States and Union Territories are maintained in local languages. The linguistic barriers pose serious challenges for access of information and usage in understandable form. In order to address the problem of linguistic barriers in land governance, the Government with the technical support of Centre for Development of Advanced Computing (C-DAC) Pune, has undertaken an initiative to transliterate the Records of Rights available in local language to any of the 22 Schedule VIII languages of the Constitution. Pilot test is underway in 8 States – Bihar, Maharashtra, Gujarat, Puducherry, Uttar Pradesh, Tamil Nādu, Tripura and UT of Jammu & Kashmir.


17 States/UTs viz. Assam, Bihar, Chandigarh, Chhattisgarh, Goa, Gujarat, Haryana, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Manipur, Odisha, Puducherry, Tripura, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal and Jammu & Kashmir have now using transliteration tool in land records.

(e) BHOOMI SAMMAN (Platinum Grading Certificate Scheme for DILRMP for States/UTs)

The DoLR has set the target for saturation of basic components of the programme such as (i) Computerization of record of rights; (ii) digitization of cadastral maps; (iii) integration of record of rights (textual) and cadastral maps (spatial).

As on 20.12.2023, 168 districts in 16 States (Assam, Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Chandigarh, Chhattisgarh, Gujarat, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Odisha, Rajasthan, Tripura, Tamil Nadu, Puducherry, West Bengal and Uttar Pradesh) have achieved Platinum Grading by completing 99% and above the work in above six components.

The President of India felicitated the District teams of Revenue/Registration Departments led by District Magistrates/District Collectors of 68 Districts who had achieved Platinum Grading as on 30.11.2022, along with State teams led by ACS/PS/Secretary of Revenue/Registration Departments of concerned 9 States by presenting Plantinum Certificates and Trophies in the name of ‘Bhoomi Samman’ on 18.07.2023 at Vigyan Bhawan, New Delhi.

  1. Watershed Development Component of Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana (WDC- PMKSY)

Watershed development programmes have proved to be the most suitable solution to the problems of land degradation, soil erosion, water scarcity, climatic uncertainties etc. In this context, WDC-PMKSY contributes substantially towards enhancing agricultural production & productivity, reducing poverty & improving livelihoods especially in rural areas, mitigation of the adverse effects of droughts and restoration of ecological balance in the long run.

Through the implementation of 6382 WDC-PMKSY projects (sanctioned from 2009-10 to 2014-15) funded by DoLR, significant progress has been registered. Between 2014-15 and 2021-22, 7.65 lakh water harvesting structures have been created / rejuvenated, 16.41 lakh ha additional area has been brought under protective irrigation and 36.34 lakh farmers benefited. In addition to this, about 1.63 lakh ha area has been brought under plantation (Afforestation / Horticulture etc.) and 388.66 lakh man days have been generated from 2018-19 to 2021-22. The third party end-line evaluation reports of the completed WDC-PMKSY projects have also revealed significant improvement in ground water table, increase in productivity, vegetative cover, enhanced livelihood opportunities and household incomes in watershed project areas.

Government of India approved continuation of programme as WDC-PMKSY 2.0 for the period 2021-22 to 2025-26 with a physical target of 49.5 lakh ha and an indicative financial outlay of Rs. 8,134 crore, as the Central share. DoLR has till date sanctioned 1149 projects to 28 States and 2 UTs of J&K and Ladakh. So far, Central share of Rs. 2912.93 crore has been released to States /UTs. The physical progress achieved under WDC 2.0 inter alia includes, creation /rejuvenation of 78756 water harvesting structures, 83342 ha additional area has been brought under protective irrigation and 471282 farmers benefited.

WDC 2.0 projects are being implemented according to the Guidelines for New Generation Watershed Projects which also placed special focus on Spring shed Management by recognizing it as a new activity under new generation watershed projects to mitigate spring water depletion. The restoration of spring shed (catchments), with landscape restoration initiatives, will also yield co-benefits such as capacity building and secured quality of life. Under WDC-PMKSY 2.0, 2573 springs have been identified by 15 States /UTs for rejuvenation / development in watershed project areas in 90 districts. Out of these 2573 springs, 800 springs have been identified for completion on priority till March 2024.



Source PIB