Basic Economic Data

  • The Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation came into existence as an Independent Ministry on 15th October, 1999 after the merger of the Department of Statistics and the Department of Programme Implementation.
  • The Ministry has two wings, one relating to Statistics and the other relating to Programme Implementation.
  • The Statistics Wing redesignated as National Statistics Office (NSO) consists of:
  • Central Statistical Office (CSO)
  • National Sample Survey Office (NSSO).
  • The Programme Implementation Wing has three Divisions, namely :
  • Twenty Point Programme
  • Infrastructure and Project Monitoring
  • Members of Parliament Local Area Development Scheme.
  • Besides these three wings, there is National Statistical Commission (NSC) created through a Resolution of Government of India (MOSPI) and one autonomous institute, viz., Indian Statistical Institute (ISI) declared as an institute of National importance by an Act of Parliament.


  • The Government of India through a resolution in 2005 decided to set up the National Statistical Commission (NSC).
  • The setting up of the NSC followed the decision of the Cabinet to accept the recommendation of the Rangarajan Commission, which reviewed the Indian Statistical System in 2001.
  • NSC was initially constituted on 12th July, 2006, to serve as a nodal and empowered body for all core statistical activities of the country.
  • Secretary, Planning Commission is an ex-officio Member of the Commission.
  • The Chief Statistician of India is the Secretary to the Commission.


  • The Central Statistics Office (CSO), an attached office of the Ministry, coordinates the statistical activities in the country and evolves statistical standards.
  • Its activities include:
  • compilation of National Accounts
  • Index of Industrial Production
  • Consumer Price Indices for Urban/Rural/Combined
  • Human Development Statistics
  • Gender Statistics in the States and Union Territories
  • Energy Statistics
  • Social and Environment Statistics
  • National Industrial Classification.
  • CSO releases Consumer Price Indices (CPI) for all-India and States / UTs separately for rural, urban and combined (rural plus urban) for the purpose of temporal price comparison with effect from January, 2011 with 2010 as the base year.
  • The annual inflation rates based on this CPI series are available since January, 2012.

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