Chapter on Welfare


  • The Commission for Protection of Child Rights Act, 2005 was notified in January, 2006.
  • A National Commission for Protection of Child Rights was set up in March, 2007 in accordance with the provisions of the Act for proper enforcement of children’s rights and effective implementation of laws and programmes relating to children.
  • Its Mission is to protect, promote and defend child rights in India.
  • Under the provisions of the Act, State Commissions have been set up in Assam, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Delhi, Goa, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Manipur, Odisha, Punjab, Rajasthan, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu, Uttarakhand, West Bengal and Nagaland (notified).
  • The Rights of Child to Free and Compulsory Education Act, 2009 came into force in April, 2010.
  • The NCPCR along with the state commissions have a specific role for the implementation of the Act.
  • The Protection of Children from Sexual Offences Act, 2012 (POCSO) came into force on 14th November 2012. The SCPCRs have also been entrusted with the task of monitoring the implementation of this Act.


  • Rashtriya Mahila Kosh extends micro-finance to the needy and poor women in the informal sector through a client-friendly, without collateral and in a hassle-free manner for livelihood activities, housing, micro-enterprises, etc, for their socio-economic upliftment.
  • RMK has pioneered an alternate credit-delivery mechanism in the country by advancing micro-credit to the Self- Help Groups (SHGS) of poor women through a diverse range of intermediary organizations.


  • NIPCCD, an autonomous organization under the aegis of the Ministry of Women and Child Development, is a premier organisation devoted to promotion of voluntary action and research, training and documentation in the overall domain of women and child development.
  • The objectives of the institute are to: develop and promote voluntary action in social development; take a comprehensive view of child development and to promote relevant need-based programmes in pursuance of the National Policy for Children.
  • Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) Scheme is one of the flagship programmes of the Government and represents one of the world’s largest and unique programmes for early childhood development.
  • The programme aims at addressing health, nutrition and the development needs of young children, pregnant and nursing mothers.
  • NIPCCD has been functioning as an apex institution for training of the ICDS functionaries since 1975.


  • The Central Social Welfare Board was set-up in August, 1953 with the objective of promoting social welfare activities and implementing welfare programmes for women and children through voluntary organizations.
  • 33 State Social Welfare Boards were set up with jurisdiction over all states and union territories to work together with Central Social Welfare Board in implementing the programmes of the Board across the country.
  • It is functioning as an interface between the government and the voluntary sector.
  • The Board has been making concerted efforts for empowerment of women through family counselling programmes, short stay homes, awareness generation projects, condensed Course of Education Programmes and other support services.
  • The Board was registered as a Charitable Company in 1969.